By BruceBlaus (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition that develops gradually over time and causes pain and stiffness in joints. It is the most common type of joint disease. It affects people from various backgrounds across the globe and at least 8 million people in the UK.
Stress fractures are one of the most common sports injuries. Overcoming them can be difficult but is certainly possible. They are classified as an overuse injury. Fatigued muscles become unable to absorb shock and transfer the overload to the bone causing tiny cracks. It is estimated that more than half of them occur in the bones of the foot and the lower leg.
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By Steven Pisano from Brooklyn, NY, USA (Bishop Loughlin Games - Armory - Track & Field) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Strains are injuries to muscles or tendons. They occur when the force across the musculotendinous unit (the connected muscle and tendon) is great enough to cause tissue tear. It is classified as a contraction-induced injury where tear occurs due to excessive mechanical stress. Strains usually occur during the eccentric phase or when the muscle is overstretched. Improper use of the muscle, fatigue, and overuse are the common culprits.
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Sprains are also known as torn ligaments. Sprains vary in their severity. Mild to moderate ones can heal within about 6 weeks, while severe ones can take months or years. Although they can occur in any joint – the wrist and the ankle are the most common sites. Sprains can be recognised by the following symptoms: decreased ability to move the damaged limb, popping sound in cases of complete rapture, difficulty using the body part, pain, swelling, bruising.
Martin Stefanov Petkov
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